Numerical simulation of materials-oriented ultra-precision diamond cutting: Review and outlook

The recent advances in advanced numerical simulations for traditional and field-assisted diamond cutting of a variety of materials, including metallic materials with anisotropy cutting behavior, hard brittle materials with brittle-to-ductile transition characteristics, and composite materials with synergetic cutting behavior are systematically summarized. In particular, molecular dynamics simulation and finite element simulation are employed to investigate representative machining response involved in ultra-precision diamond cutting, such as the anisotropic dislocation slip, thermos-mechanical coupling tool-chip friction and tool wear, phase transformation and cracking associated with cracking event. Ultimately, the ultra-smooth surface of various materials can be realized by using ultra-precision diamond cutting technique based on the understanding of diamond cutting mechanisms. Credit: By Liang Zhao, Junjie Zhang, Jianguo Zhang, Houfu Dai, Alexander Hartmaier and Tao Sun.

Publishing in the International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing researchers from Harbin Institute of Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Guizhou University and Ruhr-University Bochum present a brief review on the application of numerical simulations in addressing the impact of properties and microstructures of workpiece materials on the diamond cutting mechanisms of different types of workpiece materials, such as metallic, hard brittle materials and composite materials.

In addition, the effect of applying an external energy field to the diamond cutting of difficult-to-cut materials is also discussed.

The anisotropic deformation behavior among single crystal grains in diamond cutting of polycrystalline materials can be well described at the microscopic scale by crystal plasticity finite element simulation, which provides bases for the fundamental understanding of formation mechanisms as well as suppressing strategy of grain boundary surface steps on the machined surface.

The variation of the tool-chip friction state with cutting temperature can be effectively captured by the thermos-mechanical coupling sticking-sliding friction criterion embedded in the finite element model. In addition, the diamond tool wear can be suppressed by introducing textures on the cutting tool.

The fundamental understanding of phase transformation and cracking events through simulations is crucial for revealing the brittle-to-ductile transition mechanisms of hard brittle materials, thus enabling the rational selection of optimized parameters for enhanced ductile machinability.

The physics-based numerical model is critical for providing predicted results that are in line with experimental data for composite materials. The real microstructural characteristics of reinforced phase as well as the proper treatment of reinforced phase-matrix interface are essentially needed to accurately represent the tool-phases interactions in numerical simulations of diamond cutting of composites.

The configuration of external fields (vibration field, thermal field and ion implantation field) and their interactions with workpiece material without loss of physics is critical for revealing the mechanisms of field-assisted diamond cutting of difficult-to-machine materials with enhanced machinability by numerical simulations.

One of the lead researchers, Professor Junjie Zhang, commented, “For the Atomic and Close-to-atomic Scale Manufacturing that deals with the processing of materials at the atomic scale with pronounced surface size effect, ultra-precision diamond cutting also plays an important role. role for its achievable sub-nanometer machining accuracy.”

The multiscale numerical simulation, such as finite element simulation at the microscopic scale and molecular dynamics simulation at the nanoscale, have become more popular for their ability to provide dynamic insights into ongoing diamond-cutting processes of a variety of materials, such as material deformation. , chip formation, cutting force evolution and surface formation.”

First authorDr. Liang Zhao commented, “Despite the wide applications of different simulation methods utilized in the exploration of the diamond cutting process, there are still issues or challenges that are needed to be addressed for better comparison of predicted results with experimental data.”

“In the present work, we present a compact review on the recent advances in advanced numerical simulations of diamond cutting of a variety of materials, which differ in properties, microstructures and constituents. The aspects reported in this work present guidelines for the numerical simulations of ultra-precision mechanical machining responses to a variety of materials.”

Prof. Alexander Hartmaier, Director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Advanced Materials Simulation at Ruhr-Universität Bochum said, “Future research on the numerical simulations of materials-oriented diamond cutting could be further recommended from the development of the high precision physics-based finite model, mainly aiming for increasing the prediction accuracy of simulation results for advanced structured materials compared to experimental data.”

More information:
Liang Zhao et al, Numerical simulation of materials-oriented ultra-precision diamond cutting: review and outlook, International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing (2023). DOI: 10.1088/2631-7990/acbb42

Provided by International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing

Citation: Numerical simulation of materials-oriented ultra-precision diamond cutting: Review and outlook (2023, March 17) retrieved 17 March 2023 from -precision-diamond.html

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